Don’t Be Left Behind. Keep Up With THE HERD!
Supportive assistance guide for your AE Journey~
July 2023 2nd Edition
In this Issue~
- *Children’s Corner (for all ages): Infectious profiles in pediatric anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis, Calm Down Tools for Older Kids
- *ABI Rehabilitation: Cursive: Why It Should Be Taught Today & the Science Behind It
- *Helpful Tips for the AE Warrior: National Parks Disability Access Pass, How to read and understand a scientific paper: a guide for non-scientists
- *Most Popular Visuals: LGI1 Autoimmune Encephalitis (AE) Infographic, LGI1 Autoimmmune Encephalitis Journey
- *Featured AE Article: A catatonic woman awakened after 20 years. Her story may change psychiatry
- *Video: Heroes and Dreamers 2023 Awareness Video
- *Clinician’s Corner: Distinct cerebral 18F-FDG PET metabolic patterns in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis patients with different trigger factors
- *Open Access: Paraneoplastic encephalitis: clinically based approach on diagnosis and management
- *Monthly Zoom Support Groups for Patients & Caregivers: Caregiver Monthly Zoom Support Group, #AETuesdayTries for patients and caregivers
- *AE Studies & Clinical Trial: The IGNITE Study, The ExTINGUISH Trial
- *AE Trivia Cards: The Single Most Important Educational/Rehabilitation Tool for AE
- *AE Warrior Store: Shop for AE Bling and Raise Awareness. Check out our new arrivals
- *Shop & Support IAES: Sign up for PayPal’s #GiveAtCheckOut
Infectious profiles in pediatric anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis
•In addition to HSV- 1, HSV- 2 meningoencephalitis is a likely precipitant of anti-NMDAR encephalitis.
•Other Herpesviridae like EBV may predispose to NMDAR AE greater than previously appreciated, requiring further study.
•Frequently detected concomitant infections with NMDAR AE like common respiratory viruses are less likely triggers of NMDAR AE.
Calm Down Tools for Older Kids
Print this list of coping activities in a location that is easy for family and caregivers to refer to when your AE Warrior is feeling overwhelmed with too much stimulation. These activities can help older children to balance their sensory issues, provide relief when taking a well-needed break from cognitive activities and provide calm activities to assist your loved one in feeling comfortable with the demands they receive in the day.
Other helpful exercises for children are found on the Children’s Corner webpage under the ‘For Patients’ tab on the IAES website.
ABI Rehabilitation From AE
Cursive: Why It Should Be Taught Today & the Science Behind It
Writing in cursive helps to build neural pathways necessary to stimulate brain activity that enables vision-motor control and language fluency necessary for cognitive development, learning, reading, sports, socialization, and everyday tasks.
Helpful Tips for Patients & Families
National Parks Disability Access Pass
Did you know that you can get a National Parks Disability Access Pass? This pass allows free access to National Parks for disabled individuals and their family members, (those in 1 car), to National Parks, and a discount on camping. They are available at National Parks. Go to the National Park Service website for needed information.
How to read and understand a scientific paper: a guide for non-scientists
Journal articles, a primary way science is communicated in academia, are a different format to newspaper articles or blogs and require a level of skill and undoubtedly a greater amount of patience. Here, author Jennier Raff, has prepared a helpful guide for non-scientists on how to read a scientific paper. These steps and tips will be useful to anyone interested in the presentation of scientific findings and raise important points for scientists to consider with their own writing practice.
Most Popular Visuals
LGI1 Autoimmune Encephalitis (AE) Infographic
LGI1 Autoimmune Encephalitis Journey
Featured AE Article
A catatonic woman awakened after 20 years. Her story may change psychiatry
New research suggests that a subset of patients with psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia may actually have an autoimmune disease that attacks the brain.
The young woman was catatonic, stuck at the nurses’ station — unmoving, unblinking and unknowing of where or who she was.
Her name was April Burrell.
Before she became a patient, April had been an outgoing, straight-A student majoring in accounting at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore. But after a traumatic event when she was 21, April suddenly developed psychosis and became lost in a constant state of visual and auditory hallucinations. The former high school valedictorian could no longer communicate, bathe or take care of herself. She remained in this state for two decades. Immunotherapy brought her back!
Heroes and Dreamers 2023 Awareness Video
In case you missed it last February, this is the 7th annual AE awareness video IAES has produced featuring AE Warriors (patients) and insights into their journeys. Welcome to our ‘AE Family’, the family you never knew you had.
Autoimmune Encephalitis is a group of inflammatory brain diseases that are characterized by prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms. These patients are often believed to have psychiatric presentations, but they do NOT. Common clinical features include a change in behavior, psychosis, seizures, memory and cognitive deficits, abnormal movements, dysautonomia, and a decreased level of consciousness. Psychiatrists and Emergency Room Physicians are often the first medical professionals who see these patients. It is vital that Clinicians consider the possibility of an autoantibody-related etiology and become familiar with the red flags suggestive of synaptic autoimmunity as the underlying cause in all cases of first-onset, out-of-the-blue psychosis. A high level of suspicion is necessary as autoimmune encephalitis is treatable with immunotherapy. Firm evidence shows that earlier recognition and treatment lead to improved outcomes. It is important to note, that the disorder is refractory to antipsychotics; indeed, antipsychotic agents make affected patients much worse, even to the point of developing something akin to neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
We hope you share this video and help us with our continued efforts in raising awareness for this highly treatable group of diseases.
Distinct cerebral 18F-FDG PET metabolic patterns in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis patients with different trigger factors
Study results highlighted the marked asymmetry of cortical hypermetabolism in cryptogenic patients compared with a relatively symmetric pattern which was found in the latter group. Interestingly, in line with such PET findings, we also noted that most of our cryptogenic patients presented with unilateral abnormalities in clinical symptoms or EEG, namely, focal dystonia and seizures or unilateral slow wave and epileptiform activity, supporting the patients with regional brain abnormalities. By contrast, patients in the paraneoplastic group often showed symmetry symptoms and EEG results, which further indicated highly correlation of PET characteristics with other clinical measures.
Our study illustrated that patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis triggered by virus encephalitis had a specific metabolic pattern. We noted that areas of regional hypometabolism in the unilateral temporal lobe have correlates on MRI, suggesting the possibility of impaired neuronal activities as a result of acute necrosis in neurons caused by viral encephalitis; on the other hand, the hypermetabolism in the contralateral temporal regions is more likely to be generated with attacks by autoantibodies in the second phase of the illness pattern. In addition, Novy et al.12 emphasized involvements of subcortical structures in antiNMDAR encephalitis, proposing that enhanced activities in the basal ganglia were mediated by the autoantibodies and lead to the occurrence of movement symptoms. In this context, it was plausible that the hypermetabolism of the basal ganglia in our patients of all three subgroups may reflect this aspect.
Conclusion This study gave detailed descriptions of distinct brain metabolic patterns related to patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis triggered by different causes. These metabolic patterns with 18F-FDG PET
Paraneoplastic encephalitis: clinically based approach on diagnosis and management
Monthly Zoom Support Groups For Patients and Caregivers
Caregiver Monthly Zoom Support Group
The next monthly meeting will take place on August 10th at 6 pm PST/9 pm EST. The IAES Caregiver Support Group takes place on the 2nd Thursday of each month. This is a ‘safe space’ where caregivers can build relationships/friendships with others who are “walking that walk”, share/vent, and receive the support and direction they so richly deserve.
AE Caregivers have a variety of unique challenges that are different from the AE Warrior’s. Often they feel alone and need to be able to share their concerns with others who are on that same journey. Sometimes hearing a chorus of ‘Me Too!’ can have great healing power of its own. Additionally, some of you may qualify for services you are unaware of that could assist or solve a challenge you (or your loved one) are having. As topics are discussed, your hostess, Mari Davis, will direct you to available solutions, services and supports.
Your Hostess, IAES Support Services Coordinator Mari Wagner Davis, has 30 years of experience as an accredited Nurse Case Manager. Mari’s professional career prior to becoming ill with Autoimmune Encephalitis was to locate and arrange for the support services needed for patients when released from the hospital to rehabilitation or home.
The next monthly #AETuesdayTries Zoom meet-up will take place on July 25th, and will always be the last Tuesday of each month.
“Tuesday Tries” addresses the emotional support and rehabilitation AE patients and caregivers require in recovering from autoimmune encephalitis by building your resilience. The program utilizes science-based exercises from the work of PERMA; Seligman, 2012.
IAES wants to foster your capacity in the belief that better days are ahead! “Tuesday Tries” is about practicing a strengths-based approach by “normalizing the try;” celebrating critical milestones in the recovery and care of AE patients and caregivers in order to build a more resilient network of care.
A workbook organizer, “Growing Your Resilience” has been created to accompany the #AETuesdayTries program and is located on the ‘Apps and Tools for AE Warriors’ page in the section: ‘Building Your Resilience’ on the IAES website under the ‘For Patients’ tab. A link to download the organizer is also provided within your e-mail confirmation when you register.
Join AE patients and caregivers of all ages and stages in their AE journey. Receive insights and encouragement from others and celebrate your critical milestones in recovery and care while building a more resilient personal AE network!
Your facilitator, Tessa McKenzie, IAES’ Chief Resilience Officer, is a life coach and studies “resilience” through her private practice, Envisage Vocation Creation and work with Johns Hopkins University’s Life Design Lab. Join Tessa and other AE patients and caregivers who are ready to “Share Your Try Tuesdays”. Tessa will provide prompts for the reframe of perceived failures as well as peer-to-peer validation of “wins” and opportunities for relationship building.
AE Studies and Clinical Trials
The ExTINGUISH Trial
The IGNITE Study
Drs. Emmanuel Mignot and Sergio Muñiz-Castrillo and their research group at Stanford University in California have requested IAES’s help in recruiting autoimmune encephalitis patients for The IGNITE study. This study aims to investigate the genetic predisposition to autoimmune encephalitis and related disorders. Patients must have an identified antibody to participate. The patient may have an active case or be in remission. This exciting study includes patients of all ages and all antibodies. Patients outside of the United States will need the physician who diagnosed them, usually a neurologist, to contact Dr. Muñiz-Castrillo directly. No travel is involved. Saliva and blood kits will be sent to you in the mail and can be returned by mail or dropped off at named participating pharmacies.
Your participation will help uncover that answer and your act of advocacy will eventually enhance lives! The first step to take is to fill out and submit the screening survey below.
Seronegative/antibody-negative patients can play an active advocacy role by distributing the IGNITE study flyer to their diagnosing doctor, and asking that it be posted at the infusion center you use, as well as hospitals and clinics you visit.
Sharing the flyer on your social media platforms will assist us in getting the highest level of participation possible.
AE Trivia Playing Cards
The perfect companion for patients, caregivers & therapists
We appreciate the National Organization of Rare Diseases’ (NORD) enthusiastic support in recommending this groundbreaking product.
AE Warrior Store
Shop for AE Bling and Raise Awareness
Shop & Support IAES Through PayPal’s
Donations raised are greatly appreciated and directly support research, patients, caregivers, and families through their journey so the best outcomes can be reached. Your contribution to our mission will help save a life and improve the quality of lives for others. Be a part of the solution by supporting IAES.
Driven by the knowledge that “Education is Power”, Int’l AE Society manages an educational support group for patients diagnosed with Autoimmune Encephalitis and their loved ones on Face Book, empowering them to be strong self-advocates and advocates that will lead them to best outcomes and recovery. We are the premiere organization leading in these vital roles.
On June 16th, 2022, the International Autoimmune Encephalitis Society and Tabitha Orth, IAES President, and Founder, officially became the 7,315th “point of light”. The award was founded by President George H.W. Bush in 1990.